Literary theory and schools of criticism introduction a very basic way of thinking about literary theory is that these ideas act as different lenses critics use to view and talk about art, literature, and even culture. Literary theory raman selden peter widdowson peter brooker fifth edition a readers guide to contemporary literary theoryis a classic introduction to the everevolving field of modern literary theory, now expanded and updated in its fifth edition. Introduction to hayden white, university of california at. It was rhetoric that supplied much of what passes, in the surviving evidence, for literary theory by providing a rationale for producing as well as for judging actual literary performances see riggs by on. There are different types of literary theory, and each may be considered filters that. An introduction, 25th anniversary edition terry eagleton a history of literary criticism. It also includes a history of literary theory from the late nineteenth century to. In this book ruth ronen develops a comparative reading of the use of possible worlds in philosophy and in literary theory, and offers an analysis of the way. Course pdfs engl 090 methods of literary and cultural. The immediate motive for writing was supplied by the outbreak of the first world war and.
In his 1975 article possible worlds in literary semantics further developed in his 1986 book. Literary theory and criticism english literature, literary. Literary theory will be begin to guide your thoughts and change the way you interpret the world and culture within which you live. A thoroughly revised edition of this successful undergraduate introduction to literary theory, this text includes core pieces by leading theorists from russian formalists to postmodernist and postcolonial critics.
This study substantially enriched literary theory by. Possible worlds, artificial intelligence, and narrative theory. Drawing on concepts found in possible world theory, theorists of fiction study the relationships between textual worlds and the world outside the text. In particular, the worlds described by the classical mechanics, the theory of relativity and the quantum mechanics are examples of worlds according to this definition, but also some theories attempting. Editorial cartographies of fictional worlds webarchiv of the eth. Theories are not practical and should not be considered when analyzing literature. Developed by philosophers belonging to the anglosaxon school of analytic philosophy as a means to solve problems in formal semantics, pw theory was adapted. Literary theory delves so deeply into the discovery of human nature that it not only describes various cultural effects, but also the effects on the notion of self. The manyworlds interpretation of quantum mechanics. Pdf the expressive power of the possible worlds theory in video. A readers guide to contemporary literary theory raman selden peter widdowson peter brooker fifth edition a readers guide to contemporary literary theoryis a classic introduction to the everevolving field of modern literary theory, now expanded and. Because the blackwell guide to literary theory is aimed at readers unacquainted with theory undergraduates especially, but also beginning graduate students, instructors who need a refresher course, and general readers interested in the sometimes forbiddingly arcane world of literary studies my focus is on fundamental concepts and the most. Intended to stimulate research and encourage interdisciplinary dialogue, as well as to introduce prominent european theorists to the american academy, this book series is internationally renowned for its foundational literary scholarship.
Introduction to literature, criticism and theory provides a completely fresh and original introduction to literary studies. A semantics for modal logic was first introduced in the late1950s work of saul kripke and his colleagues. A readers guide to contemporary literary theory 5th edition. Among these literary theories is the narrative theory. At the heart of this greater understanding of life lie the roots of the various notions of self. A statement in modal logic that is possible is said to be true in at least one possible world. Reality, imagination and possible worlds in american.
The core of the tools spatiotemporal framework is applied to four literary histories which cover the history of the novel from its beginnings to the twentieth century. Pavel titled possible worlds in literary semantics appeared in the journal ofaesthetics and art criticism. I dont know much about literary theories, but stylistics books based on a particular linguistic schooltheory are very useful in analyzing literary texts, such as 1. New criticism theoretical underpinnings in a nutshell, new criticism. Jan 12, 2018 home literary criticism world systems theory. Can anyone recommend introductory material on literary. Section 2 is evenhanded, and sketches the main arguments of the book. Preface the first draft of this study was written in the summer of 1914 and the final version in the winter of 191415. The proponents of each theory believe their theory is the theory, but most of us interpret texts according to the rules of several different theories at a time.
The blackwell guide to literary theory is designed to facilitate this process by offering students and instructors basic information on the major theories, practitioners, and their texts. Possibleworlds theory by marielaure ryan entry for the routledge encyclopedia of narrative theory the theory of possible worlds henceforth pw, a modern adaptation of a leibnizian concept, was originally developed by philosophers of the analytic school kripke, lewis, rescher, hintikka as a means to solve problems in formal semantics. Literary and critical theory at brown george landow on the teaching of literary theory article by d. Possible worlds theory by marielaure ryan entry for the routledge encyclopedia of narrative theory the theory of possible worlds henceforth pw, a modern adaptation of a leibnizian concept, was originally developed by philosophers of the analytic school kripke, lewis, rescher, hintikka as a means to solve problems in formal semantics. It provides an accessible introduction to the major theoretical approaches in chapters covering. Theory and history of literature 198198 is a landmark event in twentiethcentury critical thought. In this paper a general mathematical model of the world will be constructed. Bakhtinian criticism, structuralism, feminist theory, marxist literary theories, readerresponse theories, psychoanalytic criticism, deconstruction, poststructuralism. Pdf the philosophical concept of possible worlds lenzen, 2004. Introduction webegin, as a way of entering our subject, by characterizing a particular interpretation of quantum theory which, although not representative of the more careful formulations of some writers, is the most common form. Text world theory and keats poetry applies advances in cognitive poetics and text world theory to four poems by the nineteenth century poet john keats. An introduction, terry eagleton english literature. Possible worlds theory and contemporary narratology on jstor.
The formalist critic embraces an objective theory of art and examines plot, characterization, dialogue, and style to show how these elements contribute to the theme or unity of the literary work. View possible worlds theory and fictional worlds research papers on academia. I will show that a number of important theories in physics are particularizations of the world theory presented here. Cambridge core literary theory possible worlds in literary theory by ruth ronen. Novel zorba the greek novel analysis as death likes it hot. Some little while after revising the second edition in 1989, raman prematurely and tragically died of a brain tumour. The terms literary theory and critical theory refer to essentially the same fields of study. In the sciences, theories are systems for understanding how an aspect of the world works. The article analyzes the fictional worlds employed by literary historians with a tool grounded in possible worlds theory. Each theory reveals the exact interpretation of a given piece of text. Ruth ronen develops a comparative reading of the use of possible worlds in philosophy and in literary theory. Tropes a term synonymous with a figure of speech or a word or phrase that should not be taken literally. Pdf possible worlds in literary theory download full.
Theories are complex and should not be used unless one has a degree in english literature. Theory is analytical and speculative an attempt to work out what is involved in what we call sex or language or writing or meaning or the subject. This book is an attempt to make modern literary theory intelligible and attractive to as wide a. An impossible world, w, is the same sort of thing as a possible world whatever that may be, except that it is in some sense impossible. The nature of literary theory before moving on to describe some of the strategies for using this book, i would like to discuss the nature of theory in general and the problems associated with literary theory in particular. This book presents the full range of positions and movements in contemporary literary theory. Pdf the expressive power of the possible worlds theory. Lewis, 1986 has been used in literary studies and narratology dolezel, 1998. Depending on the context, this may mean that some contradictions are true at w, that the normal laws of logic or of metaphysics fail to hold at w, or both. Fiction theory scholars and critics have articulated various theses rooted in saul kripkes application of modal logic to semantics. Theory is interdisciplinary discourse with effects outside an original discipline. Myers list of critical terms and definitions by malcolm hayward, university of indiana glossary of literary theory by greig e.
Everyone has wondered such things as whether or not life is a predetermined ride or if free will guides all decisions. Critics use literary theory as a way to interpret and process a variety of literary works. Possible worlds in literary theory literature, culture. From this groundwork, the theory of possible worlds became a central part of. In particular, the worlds described by the classical mechanics, the theory of relativity and the quantum mechanics are examples of worlds according to this definition, but also some theories attempting to unify gravity and qm. Literary theory in general and specific critical theories. Theory and history of literature university of minnesota press. It takes the existing text world theory as a starting point and draws on stylistics, literary theory, cognitive linguistics, cognitive psychology and dream theories to explore reading poems in the. A possible world w 1 is said to be near to another possible world w 2 in respect of r to the degree that the same things happen in w 1 and w 2 in respect of r. Literary theory is not limited to literature but is applied to various cultural works, such as art, sculpture, paintings, and poetry. An ideal teaching resource, with helpful introductory notes to each chapter. It takes the existing text world theory as a starting point and draws on stylistics, literary theory, cognitive linguistics, cognitive psychology and dream theories to explore reading poems in the light of their emphasis on states of desire.
This text develops a comparative reading of the use of possible worlds in philosophy and in literary theory. The concept of possible worlds, originally introduced in philosophical logic, has recently gained interdisciplinary influence. Possible worlds the living handbook of narratology. The theory of the universal wavefunction hugh everett, iii i. Pdf possible worlds in recent literary theory marie. Henderson and christopher brown a glossary of literary criticism at the literary criticism web. The result is the many worlds theory, also known as the everett interpretation of quantum mechanics. The ars rhetorica was for more advanced students, and the theory of rhetoric was both older and better developed than that of grammar. The expressive power of the possible worlds theory in video games.
The next two chapters move beyond the constraints of a oneworld semantics, formulating a theory of possible worlds that is justifiable logically and linguistically, and is compatible with the way we read literary texts. Moral, historical, psychological, and sociological concerns are considered extrinsic to criticism and of secondary. A sampling of critical lenses literary theories were developed as a means to understand the various ways people read texts. It is required that you print these out in hard copy and bring them to class. The blackwell guide to literary theory gregory castle literary theory. These different lenses allow critics to consider works of art based on certain assumptions within that school of theory. Click on document a history of literary criticism and theory from plato to the present m a r a r habib. Characters in fictional worlds understanding imaginary. First, i want to make clear that literary theory is distinct from literary criticism, the. Introducing literary theories is an ideal introduction for those coming to literary theory for the first time.
Possible worlds, artificial intelligence, and narrative. A very short introduction by jonathan culler on reading literature. Jonathan cullers ultimate aim, as his title suggests, is to make his readers aware of the literary i. I classical age plato plato was the first scholastic philosopher who had given a systematic shape to criticism. World systems theory literary theory and criticism. They both address ways of looking at literature beyond the typical plotthemecharactersetting studies. Bennett and royle approach their subject by way of literary works themselves a poem by emily dickinson, a passage from shakespeare, a novel by salman rushdie, rather than by way of abstract theoretical ideas and isms. This is a survey article on the significance of possible worlds theory for literary studies. A read is counted each time someone views a publication summary such as the title, abstract, and list of authors, clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the fulltext. Wells this study guide consists of approximately 57 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of the war of the worlds. There is a kind of theory with literature as its focus. The overarching or allinclusive literary theory that is, a theory of all theoriesthat can encompass all possible interpretations of a text suggested by its readers.
Introduction to literary theory e 300 01 fall 2011 in our era, criticism is not merely a library of secondary aids to the understanding and appreciation of literary texts, but also a rapidly expanding body of knowledge in its own right. By his time the glory of athenian art and literature began to fade and was taken. Literary criticism and theory university of calicut. Possible worlds in the history of the novel poetics. Pdfs of our class readings will be posted here in advance of the class period for which theyre assigned. An anthology, second edition edited by julie rivkin and michael ryan. Literary theory, literary criticism, and literary history are interrelated and interdependent, and coexist in the field of literary studies as bound by their major and common obj ect of study. Those without the readings will be asked to leave the class and counted as absent. Literary theory if theory is defined by its practical effects, as what changes peoples views, makes them think differently about their objects of study and their activities of studying them, what. In her view, literary theorists treat fictional worlds as possible worlds in the sense that fictional worlds are concrete constellations of states of affairs which, like possible worlds, are nonactualized in the world.
Starting in the mid70s, pw theory was adapted to the fictional worlds of narrative by the. The only actual treatises on poetics after aristotle that might be relevant. The chief assertion of this theory is that the capitalist system has been the world economic. The concept of possible worlds, originally introduced in philosophical logic, proves to be a productive tool when borrowed by literary theory to explain the notion of fictional worlds. When you are searching for research information, remember that some literary theories are called. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a pdf of a single chapter of a title in oxford handbooks online for personal use. Fiction theory is a discipline that applies possible world theory to literature. Literary theory and criticism stony brook university. Theory is a critique of common sense, of concepts taken as natural. Literary theory and schools of criticism introduction. For ryan, the theory of possible worlds provides a more nuanced way of discussing the commonplace notion of a fictional world, while artificial intelligence contributes to narratology and the theory of fiction directly via its researches into the congnitive processes of texts and automatic story generation. History of literary theory and criticism plato, republic, book x phaedrus aristotle, poetics horace, the art of poetry longinus, on the sublime plotinus, on the intellectual beauty dante alighieri, letter to can grande della.241 832 932 1263 1408 530 1137 495 74 99 1412 1013 1010 930 1085 1288 474 1180 982 80 1079 122 541 150 409 1487 475 922 1199 1051 690 19 147 359